What causes canine hot spots
Hot spots (acute moist dermatitis) on dogs are generally created by a dog chewing and scratching at an irritated area on the body until it is red, and /or bleeding. These hot spots on dogs are usually about 1 to 4 inches in size and are generally warm, swollen, painful, and can sometimes contain a foul odor and pus. Hair in the area is loss, these spots can develop quickly.
What causes hot spots on dogs is not a simple answer; there are many different things that could contribute to the irritation. Among the possibilities on the list are flea bites; possibly due to the irritating nature of the saliva.
Poor grooming or neglect can be a contributing factor of hot spots as well. Never washing or grooming a dog; especially one with long hair, can leave irritating substances like dirt that can cause problems for the animal. Just as proper hygiene is important for us, it’s just as important for our pets. Though hot spots are not breed specific, they do appear more on dogs with longer hair. Hairy, floppy ears; like on a Golden Retriever are prone to these type of sores on their ear flaps.
Skin Problems and Grooming with Hot Spots
Dogs that are neglected emotionally will often chew at their fur out of boredom. In time this can create hot spots. Providing proper care both physically and emotionally and giving routine checks and treatments for fleas will help prevent most causes of itching and scratching, and benefit your canine friend greatly.
If all precautions have been taken and your animal is still affected there are things that can be done. To help reduce the infection of the spot, peroxide (applied every two hours) and a dose of antibiotics is recommended. If you prefer a more natural approach, Eucalyptus or menthol can be applied to the area to manage the infection and help sooth the area. Apple cider vinegar can help control the itching; which will allow the skin to heal without the animal making it worst by digging at it. Or if the area is on the neck, a wider dog collar can be used to help protect the area.