What are Common Canine Skin Problems?


Common Dog Skin Issues


When it comes to health the most common worry an owner has are skin disorders. These disorders come from a deficiency in the immune system and can easily be detected by analyzing the coat. A common problem is Canine Atopic Disease which is an allergic reaction. The disease can affect a puppy as early as 6 months and come as late as 3 years. The symptoms are itching around the muzzle, eyes, feet and ears. One method of treatment is to remove the allergen offending the dog’s pores or using antihistamines, ciclosporin, medicated pup shampoos and wipes.One of the most common dermatitis problems is Staphylococci which is a bacteria skin disease. The symptoms are ulcerated and reddened flash. The pet will begin to lose hair in the infected areas leaving and the owner may begin to see lesions. Veterinarians will run the required tests on them and once the he has been diagnosed, treatment can begin. Most canines with this disease have the hair removed from the infected areas of the skin and are bathed regularly with a shampoo containing benzoyl peroxide.

Another common skin disorder for dogs are two types of ringworm. One type that can be contracted is microsporum and the other is trichophyton. This disease is commonly seen in young companion, and most likely appears on the head and the legs. Ringworm is a fungus that lives in the dead skin that grows on the skin, hair, and nails on the front and rear paws. This disease is very contagious and can spread if the he scratches and treatment is not administered. Depending on the number of areas affected, the hair would be removed and a topical cream of lime sulfur and systemic will be applied to affect areas.


Common Dog Skin Issues


Parasitic skin diseases are very common among dogs of all ages, and the two most common diseases are fleas and mange. Fleas can originate from ear mites, lice, ticks and cause intense canine skin irritation. Dogs can contract two types of mange and one is sarcoptic and the other is demodectic. Sarcoptic mange affects legs, chest and abdomen and leaves the skin dry, cracked and extreme loss of hair. Demodectic affects the face and front legs of the dog. Treatment involves topical creams and antibiotic shampoos but hair removal is not always necessary.

Hot spots are a form of dermatitis that affects many types of breeds at all ages. There are many sources that can cause hot spots. Allergies, poor grooming, ear infections, flea bites and arthritis are some of the many causes for these irritated areas. Signs that your pet may have dog skin problems are when they are constant itching, scratching, and hair loss, red and oozing skin. Diagnosis can usually be determined from a physical exam performed by a veterinarian. Treatment for this condition involves applying Domeboro solution and oral antibiotics.

Many puppy skin problems can plague many owners and their dogs but don’t have to become detrimental. The affect that these diseases have on the animal is determined by how long the problem goes untreated. These can also be prevented by a balanced diet, clean environment and regular checkups at your veterinarian. There are also monthly dog chewables that can prevent parasitic infections. Skin disease prevention for pooches starts at an early stage. The owner needs to make sure that they are getting the correct nutrients from their food and that all of the vaccinations are received in the correct order and on time.